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A little history of Bælum Mill

WHERE IS BÆLUM MILL SITUATED ?

When you come by the road from the west, immediately before you reach the city boundary, you will be able to see a rather exceptional and individual ground consisting of some very big hills with a growth of heather and needlebushes on the left. These are colloquially called Møllebakkerne (the Millhills), and here the two highest points in Bælum Parish Hejrebakken (the Heron Hill) and Præstens Høj (the Vicars's Hill) are situated (about 60 Metres above sea level).

These designations are long ago forgotten, and if you today ask an inhabitant from Bælum where Hejrebakken and Præstens Høj are situated, he will not be able to answer, as they now only are known as Møllebakkerne.

On the easterly hill (Præstens Høj) one of North Jutland's most beautiful and wellpreserved windmills, Bælum Mill, is situated, often known as the proudest and farthest visible of all Himmerland's mills, as it can be seen in bright weather from all parishes between Rold Skov (forest) and Kattegat.

We ought to mention that the road, which leads to the mill, is a rest of the old Aalborg - Hadsund road, which was mentioned the first time in the middle of 1400. Somewhere else in these parts there are remains of this road, which only has been a sunken road with a couple of deep wheel tracks.

OWNERS OF BÆLUM MILL THROUGH THE TIMES

Bælum Mill is a privileged windmill, which was built c. 1750 in the place by the the owner of Vorgård (a farm), which stands a few kilometres west of Bælum town. The mill was ondoubtedly built in order to replace a water mill, which was named Nørgård's Water Mill and stood in the low area north of Bælum, through which the later Aalborg - Hadsund railway should pass.

People knew that Nørgård's Water Mill could not turn for long periods because of shortage of water, and it was therefore necessary to find a successor for this mill.

From old material in writing it appears that Bælum Mill in 1767 was called Vorgård's Windmill and was inhabited by Anders Christensen Møller. The following year it was sold by the owner of Vorgård for 1200 rix-dollar to Testrup at Wiffertsholm, who resold it in 1774 to Henrik Schou at Vorgård's for 1400 rix-dollar. The deed had it that "which mill is built instead of the water mills Rismølle (the Ricemill) and Nørgård's Mill". In 1782 the mill was sold to Jens Sørensen Kaas at Bælum Nørgård for 1550 rix-dollar, and since then it has been dealt up and down between tho two farms Vogård and Nørgård.

Bælum - Solbjerg Parish bought in 1875 Bælum Nørgård, to which the mill belong at the present moment, and the parish has since been owner of the mill, which, in the course of time, has been farmed out to various millers, together with a minor farm, which belonged to the mill.

The mill which now is standing in the place, is of later date, as the old thatched mill was ruined by a fire shortly after the turn of the century, and a new one was built in the site. The present Bælum Mill is accordingly 80 years old.

THE WORK AT BÆLUM MILL.

Bælum Mill has been running to about 1965, when it had to stop it's work, as there were only to customers left, and so the business basis was nil. Fortunately they left it perfect intact.

Nothing in the mill is removed, so in fact Bælum Mill can turn again, if it should become important. The mill's arms were at that time locked and directed towards Bælum town, where it today can be seen as a beautiful old landmark for the town.

Bælum Mill was in it's days of prosperity a fairly extensive business, where farmers for miles around came by carriage in order to get their corn milled. In busy days you could often see a queue of carriages (20 or more) waiting to come to the mill's ramp.

In order to get the traffic through as smoothly as possible, there was one-way traffic, as you drove round Bælum High School by the unpaved road along Nørgård's Forest, when you were going to the mill and by a sunken road south of Møllebakkerne, when you drove from there.

Being a miller at Bælum Mill was a hard job, as he daily had to drag the heavy corn-sacks. The hours was often long, as the output positive depended on the weather. If there had been a longer period without wind, large quantities of corn accumulated, and when the wind was rising, the miller often had to work in the mill both day and night to make up for lost time.

However it was traditional that you did not work on Sundays. On all Sun- and holidays the mill was stopped and directed towards Bælum Church. The millarms were crossed, as you called it, that means that the mill's arms were directed so that the one was standing vertically and the other horizontally, so that they together formed the sign of a cross. This was strictly kept, till the mill was closed.

VISIT BÆLUM MILL

If you come to Bælum, the mill is absolutely worth seeing. You find your way to the mill by driving off the road at Bælum School and continue around the continuation school, proceeding the unpaved road, which leads directly to the mill.

Due to danger of fire and vandalism the mill is locked.

We recommend that smoking in and around the mill is strictly forbidden, as a fire in the mill will be impossible to stop.

The mill is open for the periode 01.06-31.08.  Sunday from 2-5 pm

Entrance-fee: Adults kr. 10, childern under 16 years is free.

Sidst opdateret 07-04-2016
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